menene rashin aikin yi

Menene rashin aikin yi? Dalili, sakamako, da mafita

An bayyana rashin aikin yi azaman halin da ake ciki lokacin da mutane, sama da takamaiman shekaru (galibi sama da shekaru 15), basa karatu kuma basa cikin, biya ko aikin kai, aikin yi. Kuma lokacin da mutane iri ɗaya ke samuwa don aiki.
Rashin aikin yi yana da mahimmancin alamar tattalin arziƙi kamar yadda yake nuna shirye -shiryen ma'aikata don samun ayyuka masu fa'ida. Ta yadda su ma za su iya bayar da gudunmawar kudi ga tattalin arzikin kasa.

A cikin wannan labarin, a takaice zan nuna wasu daga cikin dalilan da ke haifar da rashin aikin yi, illolinta, da wasu hanyoyin da za a iya magance su. 

Yadda ake auna rashin aikin yi? 

Yawanci ana auna rashin aikin yi da ƙimar rashin aikin yi. Adadin rashin aikin yi shine jimlar yawan marasa aikin yi da aka raba da yawan ma'aikata na wata ƙasa.

Menene tushen rashin aikin yi? 

Ana iya rarrabe tushen aikin nau'ikan uku na rashin aikin yi. 

Rashin aikin yi 

Rashin aikin yi yana mai da hankali kan muhimman batutuwan tattalin arziƙi da rashin ƙwarewar kasuwar aiki. Wannan ya haɗa da banbanci tsakanin wadata da buƙatar ma'aikata tare da ƙirar fasaha da ake buƙata. Canje -canje na fasaha ko manufofin gwamnati marasa tasiri na iya haifar da rashin aikin yi. 

Fasaha, skayan aiki, da atomatik  

Canje -canjen fasaha na iya rage rawar da mutane ke takawa a harkar masana'antu. Saboda waɗannan hanyoyin samarwa iri ɗaya ana sarrafa su ta atomatik. Automation shine tyana aiwatar da injinan da ke da tasiri a ciki ceton aikin ɗan adam. An haɗa waɗannan injinan a cikin ingantaccen tsarin samarwa wanda ke buƙatar ƙarancin kulawa ta mutane

Manufofin gwamnati  

Dole ne gwamnatoci su nemi matakan rage rashin aikin yi. Amma Wasu daga cikin ayyukansu suna da kishiyar tasiri akan wannan. 

Rashin aikin yi 

Rashin aikin yi ya wanzu a cikin kowane tattalin arziki saboda mutane suna ƙaura daga wannan aiki zuwa wancan. 

Rashin aikin yi na cyclic 

Wannan yana haifar da yanayin inda buƙatar kayayyaki da ayyuka a cikin tattalin arziƙi ba zai iya tallafawa cikakken aiki ba. Yana faruwa a lokutan raunin tattalin arziƙin ƙasa ko lokacin raguwa. Misali na iya zama koma bayan tattalin arziki.  

Koma bayan tattalin arziki 

Matsalar koma bayan tattalin arziki na haifar da rashin aikin yi da yawa, da rage albashi, da rasa dama. Ilimi, jari mai zaman kansa, da bunƙasa tattalin arziƙi duk za su sha wahala. Matsalar koma bayan tattalin arziki na iya haifar da “tabo”, wato mutane da yawa ba su da kuɗi kaɗan, ko ma suna cikin bashi, na dogon lokaci.  

Menene illar rashin aikin yi? 

Babban rashin aikin yi yana ƙaruwar rashin daidaiton tattalin arziki, yana cutar da ci gaban tattalin arziki. Rashin aikin yi na iya lalata yawan aiki saboda: 

  • ɓata albarkatu. Yana haifar da matsi na rarrabawa da haifar da murdiya;  
  • yana tura mutane cikin talauci;  
  • yana iyakance yawan kuɗi, mutane da yawa ba su da ayyukan yi, don haka ƙarancin kuɗi yana kusa; 
  • ƙuntata motsi na aiki;  
  • yana zubar da kimar kai wanda ke haifar da rarrabuwa ta zamantakewa, rashin kwanciyar hankali, da rikici. 

Magani ga rashin aikin yi 

Ƙungiyoyin suna ƙoƙarin matakai da yawa don shigar da mutane da yawa cikin aiki. Kuma na dogon lokaci, al'adu daban -daban sun dandana kusa da cikakken aiki. A cikin shekarun 1950 da 1960, Burtaniya ta sami matsakaicin kashi 1.6 na rashin aikin yi. A Ostiraliya, Takardar Farar Fata ta 1945 akan Cikakken Aiki a Ostiraliya ta kafa manufar gwamnati mai cikakken aiki wacce ta kasance har zuwa shekarun 1970.

Wannan shi ne jerin wasu mafita da gwamnatoci suka yi amfani da su don rage rashin aikin yi kai tsaye. Wannan jerin ba ya haɗa da tsare -tsaren tattalin arziƙi waɗanda ba su da alaƙa kai tsaye da yanke aiki. Misali, kyakkyawar manufa kan yaki da cin hanci da rashawa a cikin kasa tabbas za ta inganta tattalin arzikinta don haka ta rage rashin aikin yi.

Iyakance bidi'a, an cire wasu canje -canjen fasaha saboda fargaba game da tasirin su akan adadin ayyukan da ake samu. 

Ilimi, samuwar ingantaccen ilimi mai araha shine mafita. Mutane za su nemi ƙarin horo don haka sun fi samun aikin yi. 

Yaran aiki aiki ya taimaka wajen haɓaka aikin da ake samu. Ma'aikata ne ke tallafa musu waɗanda ke son rage yawan sa'o'i da samun ƙarin lokacin hutu.

Ayyukan jama'a an ga ayyukan a matsayin wata hanya ga gwamnatoci don inganta ayyukan yi.

Manyan manufofin kasafin kudi sun kasance masu amfani ga gwamnatoci don inganta ayyukan yi, misali na iya zama rage haraji ga masu aikin da ke ƙirƙirar ayyuka.  

Wadanda ba su da aikin yi kuma za su iya neman aikin kan layi ta aikace -aikace daban -daban da yanar


Hoton murfin da ke sama hoto ne Steve Knutson ne adam wata on Unsplash. An haife shi a Seattle, Amurka.

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